Embroidery, tapestry or other techniques that involve canvas
Embroidery, tapestry or other techniques that involve canvas and non-wool materials
The situation re cushions is not straightforward with regards to Trading Standards regulations. What we have learnt from them is that they are happy where the entire cushion is made of wool (which is the case for most of our cushions) or if any cotton/jute canvas is sealed in – ie completely covered by wool.
If the wool embroidery is on fabric then this fabric also needs to be made of wool and not some other material.
Any techniques such as lace knitting or open crochet stitches need a solid backing behind them to prevent the stuffing showing or poking through and this needs to be wool fabric or wool machine/hand knitted 'fabric' and NOT cotton.
So tapestry or similar techniques involving a canvas base are fine as long as the canvas is totally covered by stitching, or for rug techniques the density and amount of wool used is such that the canvas is in effect covered by wool and is a tiny proportion of the entirety of the wool used to make and stuff the cushion.
Using a cotton or non-wool lining for a wool cover with an open structure is not covered by the rules since the non-wool lining would be visible through the open structure and therefore not sealed in by wool.
Embellishments such as buttons or non-wool trimmings may be used, but should be used with a ‘light touch’ so they form a very small proportion of the total materials used in the cushion. Where possible fabric trimmings should be made of wool – we have seem on a few cushions some beautiful adornments, trimmings and braids that have been handmade using wool.